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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


Kouyunjik (Scope note)

The term Library of Ashurbanipal does not refer to a specific building. It is used here to refer to the clay tablets inscribed in cuneiform script found at the modern site of Kouyunjik in northern Iraq. They were excavated at several locations on the mound, but together are understood as the remains of the great library collected by King Ashurbanipal (668-c.630 BC) of Assyria at his capital of Nineveh. The library includes texts belonging to scientific and administrative types, as well as royal inscriptions.