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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


illustrated book (Scope note)

The term refers in the premodern period to Japanese woodblock-printed books, where text and images are created by the same technical process, on the same woodblocks. The term is also used for books in the Western tradition that have a number of pictorial illustrations (not merely a frontispiece or decorative ornaments). See 'book-illustration' for a printed page extracted from an illustrated book; and also 'photobook' and 'artist book'.