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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


lantern slide (Scope note)

The term refers to a type of transparency, historically made of glass, not necessarily photographic, but often so, and can be created using different techniques including painting, printing, or silver gelatin and albumen photographic processes.