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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


ostracon (Scope note)

A potsherd (or occasionally a piece of limestone) used in the ancient world as a writing surface; in Classical Athens (and perhaps a few other ancient Greek cities), citizens used ostraca to vote on which individuals should be sent into exile, hence English "ostracism."