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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


sample (Scope note)

See the Narrow Terms for specific types of sample, apart from by-products (e.g. SLAG) which are are listed under PRODUCTION/REPLICATION rather than SAMPLE. Specific materials should be entered in the Materials field.