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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


alabaster (Scope note)

Alabaster is calcium sulphate, but the word 'alabaster' in Egyptian, Near Eastern and Greek archaeology has been commonly misused for objects which in fact are made of calcite (calcium carbonate). Thus when searching for 'alabaster' objects, users are recommended to search for Material 'calcite' as well as 'alabaster'. N.B. The suggestion by some authorities to use the term 'travertine' for Egyptian alabaster (ie. calcite) is not generally accepted.