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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


bark (Scope note)

Barkcloth (bark cloth) is beaten or felted bark. If the name of the specific bark is known, the specific term (e.g. acacia bark) is entered. The Object Name barkcloth should be only be entered if the object is a piece of barkcloth with no known use, e.g. a sample. If the object is, e.g. an apron, that term is the Object Name. The term barkcloth is always recorded in the Description.