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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


clay (Scope note)

In this thesaurus, the term 'clay' refers to the raw material. If deliberately heated, whether in a fire or a kiln, etc. but not sun dried, the Preferred term in Materials is ‘fired clay’, with ‘baked clay’ a Non-Preferred Term, as it was frequently used historically. No Technique term is entered. Generally speaking, 'fired clay' should not be used for vessels, use 'pottery' or another term such as 'stoneware'. 'Fired clay' is used for other types of objects such as figurines. If the clay is sun-dried, enter Materials 'clay' and Technique 'sun-dried' and 'sun-dried clay' in the Description. N.B. In the Department of Ancient Egypt and Sudan, the Materials terms ‘mud’ and ‘clay’ have been used interchangeably for unfired objects such as bricks. figurines, and vessels.