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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


lacquer (Scope note)

For the Asian collections, objects described as 'lacquer' imply the technique of lacquer application on a substrate, and should have Technique 'lacquered'. Enter the Material 'lacquer (ie. tree resin)' or 'lac' (ie. insect secretion), depending on circumstance. Many objects from South Asia with 'lacquer' in Material may in fact be lacquered using lac. See also LACQUERED in the Techniques field. As a general rule, lacquered objects from the Middle East and South Asia are made using 'lac', while those from South East Asia and the far East are made using 'lacquer'.