What just happened?

To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


pandanus fibre (Scope note)

There are over 600 species in the Pandanus genus, but one of the most commonly used species, and most applicable to BM material, is Pandanus tectorius. Some taxonomists have separated the family Pandanaceae (screw-pine) including the Pandanus species from the Palmae; others see Pandanaceae as part of the extended family of Palmae.