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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


pottery (Scope note)

The term should normally be used for vessels and lamps. Vessels which have mould-made or hand-made figural or vegetal attachments have both 'pottery' and 'terracotta' (or 'fired clay') entered as Materials. This term 'pottery' has been used interchangeably with 'earthenware'. For post-Medieval European collections, the term 'earthenware' is used instead of 'pottery'.