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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


shell (Scope note)

The term (which in this thesaurus includes CUTTLEFISH BONE) should not be confused with EGGSHELL. Mollusc shell may be composed (wholly or in part) of calcite. But also can be composed (wholly or in part) of aragonite and sometimes both together e.g. mussels, with an outer calcite shell and inner aragonite layer (bimineralic shells).