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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


stucco (Scope note)

The term 'stucco' is used here in a general sense as it can have various meanings, but traditionally refers to a wall coating or render. However, the term also refers to sculptural and artistic use of the material for decoration and figurative representations. Stucco can be of various compositions: it is usually an aggregate of lime and sand, but may be of other compositions. The composition should be specified where known, e.g. lime-stucco or gypsum-stucco, etc. See also the Technique term 'stuccoed'.