What just happened?

To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


Late Antique (Scope note)

The term is a broad geographical and historical term covering parts of Europe, North Africa, the Middle East, and some neighbouring areas, from about the 3rdC to the end of the 7thC. Its Narrower terms are: Late Roman, Early Byzantine, Sasanian, Coptic and Aksumite. See also the Related Terms, and their Narrower Terms, if applicable: Early Medieval, Early Islamic, Romano-British.