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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


Germanic (Scope note)

The term applies to a group of peoples living in the region of Europe outside the Roman Empire known in classical sources as Germania, from around the 1st century BC - 8th century AD. During the Migration Period (around the late 4th-6th centuries AD) a number of them crossed the Rivers Rhine and Danube to settle within the former borders of the Empire.