Chola (Scope note)

South Indian dynasty, originally based in the Kaveri delta and with a capital at Thanjavur/Tanjore. Came to prominence in the 8thC and flourished through into the 12thC. Held all of the Tamil country as well as other parts of southern India. Under Rajaraja invaded Sri Lanka and Srivijaya, while under Rajendra (son of Rajaraja), invaded northern India as far as the Ganges.