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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


Cypro-Archaic (Scope note)

750 BC-450 BC The economic and commercial trends of the Cypro-Geometric period (q.v) culminated in a flowering of cultural activity in the Cypro-Archaic period. The numerous city-kingdoms, whose wealth and power are visible in tombs and increasingly monumental architecture (including urban fortifications), appear as vassals in the historical records of the Assyrian Empire. Pictorial art on vases develops considerably, while three-dimensional representation, in the form of stone and terracotta statues deposited in large numbers in tombs, reaches impressive levels.