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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


Cypro-Geometric (Scope note)

1050 BC-750 BC The Cypro-Geometric period, some three hundred years in duration, is the first division of the Cypriot Iron Age. Settlements founded during the transitional LCIII period become the urban centres of the city-kingdoms into which the island is divided in historic times. Economic and cultural contacts with the Levantine world with are re-established (or become archaeologically visible) after a short period of isolation; contacts with the Aegean become apparent again somewhat later in this horizon. Important ceramic types include White Painted and Bichrome wares, which are decorated with geometric motifs and often occur in inventive shapes; slightly later, the distinctive Black-on-Red wares are developed on Cyprus, partly as a result of contact with the Levantine world; fine metalworking in bronze abounds, particularly in burials. Inscriptions point to the existence of Greek and Phoenician speakers on the island living alongside the local Cypriot population.