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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


Greek (Scope note)

The term refers to 'Greek culture', i.e. objects produced throughout all periods from the Aegean (or Greek) Neolithic to the Hellenistic periods. See also the term 'Graeco-Roman'. In some cases two Material Culture terms will be used for Greek object records, one chronological, the other geographical or stylistic (e.g. Attic and Archaic Greek). In other cases (e.g. Minoan) a single term encompasses both time and place.