Sir Robert Murdoch Smith (Biographical details)

Sir Robert Murdoch Smith (archaeologist; military/naval; British; Male; 1835 - 1900)

Also known as

Smith, R M; Murdoch Smith, Robert; Murdoch Smith, Robert


Excavated at Halicarnassus, Cnidus and Cyrene; later Director of the Indo-European Telegraph company in Iran, during which time he advised Cecil Harcourt Smith (q.v.) on the feasibility of The British Museum working in Iran. He played a leading role in the development of the Islamic collection in the South Kensington Museum (q.v.) from at least 1875-1889, and eventually became the Director of the Royal Scottish Museum (q.v.). One of his employees was Sidney Churchill (q.v.).

Author of: 'Persian Art' (London 1876).


William Kirk Dickson, 'The life of Major-General Sir Robert Murdoch Smith. K.C.M.G., Royal Engineers', Edinburgh: William Blackwood, 1901; Jennifer Scarce, "Travels with Telegraph and Tiles in Persia: from the private papers of Major-General Sir Robert Murdoch Smith", pp. 70-80 in 'AARP: Art and Archaeology Research Papers' (June 1973), London; Jennifer Scarce, "Persian art through the eyes of Major-General Robert Murdoch Smith KCMG", pp. 131-38 in J. Calder (ed.), 'The Enterprising Scot: Scottish Adventure and Achievement', Edinburgh: Royal Museum of Scotland, 1986; Leonard Helfgott, "Carpet Collecting in Iran, 1873-1883: Robert Murdoch Smith and the Formation of the Modern Persian Carpet Industry", 'Muqarnas' 8 (1991), pp. 171-81; Jennifer Scarce, "Robert Murdoch Smith and the Mausoleum: Excavations at Halicanassus (Bodrum) 1856-59", pp. 225-46 in Charles Foster (ed.), 'Travellers in the Near East', London: Stacey International & ASTENE, 2004.