Tiberius (Biographical details)

Tiberius (ruler; royal/imperial; Roman; Male; 42BC - 37)

Also known as

Tiberius; Tiberius Claudius Nero

Biography

Tiberius Caesar Augustus, born Tiberius Claudius Nero (November 16, 42 BC - March 16 AD 37), was the second Roman Emperor, from the death of Augustus (q.v.) in AD 14 until his own death in 37. Tiberius was by birth a Claudian, son of Tiberius Claudius Nero (q.v.) and Livia Drusilla (q.v.). His mother divorced his father and remarried to Augustus in 39 BC. Tiberius would later marry Augustus' daughter Julia the Elder (from an earlier marriage) and even later be adopted by Augustus.

Tiberius Claudius Nero is recognized as one of Rome's greatest generals, whose campaigns laid the foundations for the northern frontier. But he came to be remembered as a dark, reclusive, and sombre ruler (tristissimus hominum - 'the gloomiest of men', by one account), who never really desired to be Emperor. After the death of Tiberius' son Drusus in 23 (Drusus the Younger, q.v.), the quality of his rule declined, and ended in a Terror. In 26 Tiberius exiled himself from Rome and left administration largely in the hands of his unscrupulous Praetorian Prefects. Caligula (Gaius, q.v.), Tiberius' adopted grandson, succeeded the Emperor on his demise.