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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


Turner Bequest Excavations, Amathus (Biographical details)

Turner Bequest Excavations, Amathus (institution/organisation; 1893 - 1894)

Also known as

Turner Bequest Excavations, Amathus


The Turner Bequest excavations in Cyprus were conducted as a result of a legacy of £2000 from Miss Emma Tourner Turner (q.v.) in 1892 '…for the purpose of excavation, exploration or survey of sites in Europe, Asia or Africa in furtherance of the study of the antiquities of Greece, Rome or Egypt or the Biblical Antiquities...'. (Probate copy of will, 3 March 1892; also letter of her executor John Power Hicks to the Trustees in the BM Central Archive, Original Papers].

Three sites were explored systematically between 1893 and 1896. Amathus by A.H. Smith and John Myres (November 1893 to March 1894); Kourion by H.B. Walters (January-April 1895) and Enkomi by A.S. Murray, Percy Christian and A.H. Smith (March-September 1896). These were published in a summary fashion as Excavations in Cyprus (London, 1900; reprinted 1969). Further excavations were carried out on Cyprus by the British Museum until the end of the decade, at Maroni, Hala Sultan Tekke, Klavdhia, and Kouklia (Palaepaphos) but these were not funded from the original Turner Bequest.