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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


Brenda Zara Seligman (Biographical details)

Brenda Zara Seligman (photographer; academic/intellectual; British; Female; 1882 - 1965)

Also known as

Seligman, Brenda Zara; Salaman, Brenda Zara


Brenda Seligman (née Salaman) married Professor Charles Gabriel Seligman (q.v.) in 1905. They entered the field of Chinese, Korean and Indo-Chinese art in the 1920s and they jointly developed their collection which was continued after his death by Mrs Seligman and bequeathed by her in both their names to the Arts Council for a period of ten years (during which time an exhibition was held in London in 1966: 'The Seligman Collection of Oriental Art') on the understanding that afterwards the collection was to be divided between the British Museum (the majority of pieces) and the Victoria & Albert Museum. They contributed many pieces to the Royal Academy exhibition of 1935-1936.
Brenda Zara Salaman, collector and photographer was greatly involved in the Anthropological Institute.


Harrison-Hall, 2001, p.594 & 595; Davids and Jellinek, 2011, p. 395 & 396; Pierson 2007, p. 125, 140-1, 164, 200; John Ayers, 'The Seligman Collection of Oriental Art', Volumes I & II, 1964. “Transactions of the Oriental Ceramic Society”, vol. 35, 1963-1964, p. xxvi, obituary, Basil Gray. British Museum Quarterly, Vol. XV, 1941-50, p. 95.     'Who was Who, Vol. III: 1929-1940', q.v. 'Charles Gabriel Seligman' (London: A. & C. Black, 1967, second edition); Mary Tregear, 'The Seligman Collection of Oriental Art', Arts Council 1966, catalogue raisonné.