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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


Dr Paul T Craddock (Biographical details)

Dr Paul T Craddock (scientist/engineer; British; Male; 1945)

Also known as

Craddock, Paul Terence; Craddock, Paul


Scientist; joined the Department of Scientific Research, British Museum in 1966. Specialised in the history of metallurgy.