What just happened?

To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


Haël Werkstätten (Biographical details)

Haël Werkstätten (manufacturer/factory; German; 1923 - 1934)

Also known as

Haël Werkstätten


Marwitz, Germany


Factory specialising in pottery. The name 'Haël' was derived from the initial letters of Margret Marks's maiden name, Heymann, and that of her first husband, Gustav Loebenstein, with whom she established the factory in 1923. After her husband's death in 1928, Margret continued running the factory until it was closed by the Nazis in 1934.


Ursula Hudson-Wiedemann and Judy Rudoe, 'Grete Marks, Artist Potter', in The Decorative Arts Society Journal 26 (2002) pp101-119.