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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


Henry VII, King of England (Biographical details)

Henry VII, King of England (ruler; British; Male; 1457 - 1509)

Also known as

Henry VII; Richmond


Son of Margaret Beaufort and Owen Tudor, Earl of Pembroke. 1485, succeeded on death of Richard III (q.v.) at Bosworth Field. 1486, married Elizabeth of York (q.v.), daughter of Edward IV (q.v.).