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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


Charles Roach Smith (Biographical details)

Charles Roach Smith (collector; British; Male; 1807 - 1890)

Also known as

Roach Smith, Charles; Smith, Charles Roach; Smith, W C R


Temple Place, Strood, Kent, England (from 1855).


Collector. Born at Sandowne, Isle of Wight. Worked in the City of London from c.1828. Collector of coins and antiquities from childhood. Member of the Royal Numismatic Society (q.v.) from 1837, Honorary Secretary from 1841, awarded the first RNS medal in 1883. Co-founder of the British Archaeological Association. His publications include numerous papers on archaeology and numismatics, 'Collectanea Antiqua' (1843-1880); also a 3-volume autobiography, 'Retrospections, Personal and Archaeological'. Retired to Strood in 1855 to devote himself to numismatic, antiquarian, literary and horticultural pursuits.


Obituary in 'Numismatic Chronicle', 51 (1891), pp.18-21.
Dafydd Kidd, 'CRS and his Museum of London Antiquities' in 'Collectors & Collections, the British Museum Yearbook 2', BM 1977, pp.105-135
M.Henig & P.Coombe, 'Roach Smith and the antiquities of London: the sculptures', in H.Wiegel & M.Vickers (eds): 'Excalibur' (being the Arthur MacGregor Festschrift), 2013