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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


Pope Clement XII (Biographical details)

Pope Clement XII (cleric/religious official; ruler; Italian; Male; 1652; 1730 - 1740; 1740; ; ruled)

Also known as

Clement XII; Corsini, Lorenzo


Pope, succeeded Benedict XIII (q.v.); born Florence. Engaged in missionary enterprises, but continued the ban on Chinese Christian rites, and condemned Freemasonry.