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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


British Library (Biographical details)

British Library (institution/organisation; British; 1973 onwards)

Also known as

British Library


96 Euston Road, London NW1 2DB (1998-).


The British Library was formed in 1973 by amalgamating several institutions, including the National Lending Library at Boston Spa, with the three existing British Museum library departments - the Department of Printed Books, the Department of Manuscripts and the Department of Oriental Manuscripts & Printed Books (the Map Library and the Music Library were sub-sections of the first). The term "British Library" is used in BM catalogue records where objects were transferred at some time from one of the BM library departments to a department which remained in the British Museum, even though at the time of transfer the BL did not yet exist.
Founding of the British Museum's Department of Printed Books (1753); Patent Office Library opened (1855); Reading Room opened (1857); The British Library Act (1972); British Library established (1973); National Central Library and National Lending Library for Science and Technology amalgamated as the British Library Lending Division (1973); British National Bibliography and the Office of Scientific and Technical Information absorbed (1974); India Office Library and Records transferred from the Foreign and Commonwealth Office to the British Library (1982); British Institute of Recorded Sound taken over (later National Sound Archive) (1983); British Library opened on Euston Road (1998).


P.R.Harris, 'The Library of the British Museum'
'Libraries within the Library: the origins of the BL's printed collections'' ed. Giles Mandelbrote aand Barry Taylor, 2009