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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


Dutch East India Company (Biographical details)

Dutch East India Company (institution/organisation; Dutch; 16thC - 18thC; operated)

Also known as

Dutch East India Company; Vereenigde Oostindische Compagnie; VOC; United East India Company


Main vehicle for international trade for the Dutch Republic (United Provinces); operated from the late 16thC to the late 18thC.