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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


François II, Duc of Lorraine (Biographical details)

François II, Duc of Lorraine (ruler; royal/imperial; French; Male; 1572 - 1632)

Also known as

François II; Francis II; Lorraine; Lorraine, François II de


Son of Charles III of Lorraine (q.v.), brother of Henri II of Lorraine (q.v.); briefly Duke of Lorraine himself (1624) before handing over the title to his son Charles IV; married Christine de Salm, 1597.