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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


Leo Hamburger (Biographical details)

Leo Hamburger (dealer/auction house; German; Male; 1860s; active)

Also known as

Hamburger, Leo; Hamburger


Coins from this dealer were bought in Frankfurt on 19 October 1926. Coins were also bought by the Museum in 1930.