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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


Perkins & Heath (Biographical details)

Perkins & Heath (publisher/printer; institution/organisation; 1819 - 1835; fl. c.)

Also known as

Perkins & Heath; Perkins, Fairman & Heath; Perkins & Bacon; Perkins, Bacon & Petch; Perkins, Bacon & Co


Firm originated with Jacob Perkins in 1819, who emigrated from Boston, Massachusetts. Along with engravers Gideon Fairman and Charles Heath he formed Perkins, Fairman & Heath. After several changes of partners, the company became a Limited Company in 1887.