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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


Ms Marie-Laure Aris (Biographical details)

Ms Marie-Laure Aris (academic/intellectual; Female)

Also known as

Aris, Marie-Laure


French tutor at University College London. Jointly sold collection of Himalayan objects to the Museum with Anthony Aris (q.v.).