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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


Alexander I, Tsar of Russia (Biographical details)

Alexander I, Tsar of Russia (ruler; royal/imperial; Russian; Male; 1777 - 1825)

Also known as

Alexander I; Aleksandr I; Alexander Pawlowitsch; Aleksandr Pavlovich; Александръ Первый; Russia; Poland


Son of Paul I, brother of Grand Duke Constantine (q.v.) and Nicholas; husband of Elisabeth Alexiewna (Marie Luise Auguste von Baden) (q.v.)