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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


John E Curtis (Biographical details)

John E Curtis (curator; British; Male; 1946)

Also known as

Curtis, John Edward


Archaeologist; excavated extensively in Iran and Iraq; joined the Department of Western Asiatic Antiquities (later renamed Department of the Ancient Near East, then Middle East) in 1971, Keeper of the Department from 1989-2011. Keeper of Middle Eastern Special Projects from 2011-2013.