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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


Hibata Ōsuke 樋畑翁輔 (Biographical details)

Hibata Ōsuke 樋畑翁輔 (painter/draughtsman; Japanese; Male; 1813 - 1870)

Also known as

Hibata Ōsuke


Retainer of Sanada domain. Eyewitness to US Commodore Matthew Perry's return to Japan in 1854. Sketched events associated with Perry's landing in Japan.