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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


Philomela (Biographical details)

Philomela (mythological figure/creature; Greek; Female)

Also known as



Daughter of Pandion King of Athens, sister of Procne (q.v.); she was raped by her sister's husband, King Tereus (q.v.), who reduced her to silence by cutting her tongue out; but Philomela revealed the crime to Procne by weaving a tapestry; Procne avenged her sister by killing her son Itys, cooking him, and serving him to Tereus; the King, after discovering he had eaten his own son, ran after the sisters, trying to kill them; Procne and Philomela prayed the Gods to save them, and as all three were changed into birds, Philomela turned into a nightingale.