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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


Mrs Ernest Hart (Biographical details)

Mrs Ernest Hart (British; Female)

Also known as

Hart, Alice; Rowland, Alice Marian (maiden name)


Daughter of Alexander William Rowland, a merchant of Sydenham; in 1872 became second wife of Ernest Hart (q.v.); medically trained, she collaborated with her husband on many projects. After her husband's death, she sold Japanese paintings (1901) and prints (1902) from his collection to the Museum.


Mrs Ernest Hart, "Impressionism in Japanese Art", 'Transactions and Proceedings of The Japan Society, London', vol. V (1900), pp. 245-258.