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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


Antonio Villanueva (Biographical details)

Antonio Villanueva (cleric/religious official; painter/draughtsman; Spanish; Male; 1714 - 1785)

Also known as

Villanueva, Antonio


Spent most of his life working as an architect and painter in and around Orihuela in the province of Valencia.


L. Hernández Guardiola, 'Pintura decorativa barroca en la provincia de Alicante II: Antonio Villanueva (1714-1785)', Alicante. 1990.
M. McDonald, 'A Presentation Drawing by Antonio Villanueva', Burlington Magazine, 2005.