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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


Liu Bei 劉備 (Biographical details)

Liu Bei 劉備 (royal/imperial; Chinese; Male; 161 - 223)

Also known as

Liu Bei; Ryu Bi (Japanese); Xuande (玄徳); Gentoku (Japanese)


Liu Bei (J: Ryu Bi) became Emperor of Shu in 221. According to the Chinese novel 'Romance of the Three Kingdoms' (Sanguo yanyi), in 207-208 he travelled with his brothers-in-arms, Guan Yu (J: Kan U) and Zhang Fei (J: Cho Hi), to persuade the Taoist scholar Zhuge Liang (J: Kômei) to become his adviser.