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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


Nishimuraya Yohachi (西村屋与八) (Biographical details)

Nishimuraya Yohachi (西村屋与八) (publisher/printer; Japanese; Male; 1762 - 1835; active)

Also known as

Nishimuraya Yohachi; Eijudo (永壽堂); Hibino (日比野)


Publisher, located at Bakuro-cho 2-chome in Edo.