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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


Utagawa Toyoharu (歌川豊春) (Biographical details)

Utagawa Toyoharu (歌川豊春) (printmaker; painter/draughtsman; Japanese; Male; 1735 - 1814)

Also known as

Toyoharu, Utagawa (art name); Ichiryusai (art name); 一龍斎; Senryusai (art name); 潜龍斎; Shojiro (art name); 松爾楼; Sen'o (art name); 潜翁; Shoju (Na); 昌樹; Masaki (Na); Tajimaya Shojiro (common name); 但馬屋庄次郎; Shin'emon (common name, later); 新右衛門


Painter and print artist. Pupil of Toriyama Sekien. Toyoharu designed many perspective prints during the later 1760s and 70s, laying the foundations for the development of landscape prints. From the 1780s onwards he concentrated on paintings of the fashions and customs of beautiful women. He was the founder of the Utagawa School.