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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


Kagetoshi (景利) (Biographical details)

Kagetoshi (景利) (carver; Japanese; Male; 1843; ca.)

Also known as



Carver. He is thought to have lived in Nagoya, where he made work very different from that of his contemporaries. He preferred elaborate small groups and landscapes, working in ivory, boxwood and ebony. He often used the sukashi-bori technique of deep undercutting. His signature is easily recognizable, being deeply cut in a raised rectangular background.