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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


Dorothea, Lady Banks (Biographical details)

Dorothea, Lady Banks (British; Female; 1828)

Also known as

Banks, Dorothea; Hugessen, Dorothea


Wife of Sir Joseph Banks, and sister-in-law of Sarah Sophia Banks (qq.v.) whose collections she presented to the BM in 1818.