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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site

 

Alonso Berruguete (Biographical details)

Alonso Berruguete (sculptor/medallist; painter/draughtsman; Spanish; Male; c.1488 - 1561)

Also known as

Berruguete, Alonso

Biography

Sculptor and Painter, born Paredes de Nava (Palencia), trained under his father Pedro Berruguete. Visited Italy early in his career (c. 1508) where he was exposed to the work of Italian artists amongst them Michelangelo (q.v.) and is mentioned by Vasari in connection with Filippino Lippi (q.v.). Returned to Spain in 1516 and two years later was named 'Pintor del Rey' to Charles I of Spain (later Charles V q.v.), established a successful workshop in Valladolid, where he remained for two decades before settling permanently in Toledo. There, he completed his most famous commission: the sculptural program for the choir of the Cathedral of Toledo, including the alabaster reliefs (together with Felipe de Vigarny) for the upper row of choir stalls (1539), the archiepiscopal throne (after 1543), and the life-size group of the 'Transfiguration' in alabaster and marble (commissioned January 1543). Died Toledo.

Bibliography

J.A. Ceán Bermúdez, 'Diccionario histórico de los mas ilustres profesores de las bellas artes en España', Madrid 1800, I, pp.130-44.
A. Palomino, 'Lives of the Eminent Spanish Painters and Sculptors', Cambridge 1987 (trans. Nina Ayala Mallory), pp.9-10.
M. Arias Martínez, 'Alonso Berruguete: Prometeo de la escultura', Palencia 2011.