What just happened?

To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


Cornelis Bol (Biographical details)

Cornelis Bol (printmaker; painter/draughtsman; Dutch; Male; 1589 - 1666)

Also known as

Bol, Cornelis; Bol, Cornelius


Painter and etcher, born in Antwerp, died in Haarlem. Stayed in London around 1635-1640, where he and his wife were members of the Dutch Church in London in 1636 and where he worked for John Evelyn (signed painting in Dulwich Art Gallery). He was said to be in London during the Great Fire, but died in Haarlem that year, 1666 (see Thieme Becker). The British Museum has a drawing of Gravesend with initials CB which has been attributed to him and described in the literature on him, but the attribution is not firm.


Theime Becker and Grove Dictionary of Art