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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


Edward Byng (Biographical details)

Edward Byng (painter/draughtsman; British; Male; c.1676 - 1753)

Also known as

Byng, Edward


Portrait and drapery painter; b. possibly at Wilts c. 1676; assistant to drapery painter Godfrey Kneller from c. 1693 and was chief assistant at time of Kneller's death 1723; recorded in Kneller's will as having "for many years faithfully served me" and as lodging at Kneller's house in Great Queen Street; Kneller left him an annuity of £100 and directed that he should complete unfinished pictures, for which he would receive remaining sums due; inherited drawings in Kneller's studio, many now in the British Museum; later lived at Potterne, near Devizes, where he died; brother of Robert Byng; drawings in the Department of Prints and Drawings which descended through the family have been jointly attributed to both brothers; according to his will his estate was divided after his sister Elizabeth's death between his nephews William Wray, Robert Bateman Wray and Charles Wray, not as suggested in ECM 1960 (p. 205) to Robert Bateman Wray and his sister Mary (q.v.).


Will, PROB.11.800
ECM 1960 - but detailed provenance of material that descended from Byng's studio through the Wray family has been modified by research subsequent to publication.