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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


Manuel Salvador Carmona (Biographical details)

Manuel Salvador Carmona (printmaker; Spanish; Male; 1734 - 1820)

Also known as

Salvador Carmona, Manuel; Salvator Carmona, Marrot; Salvador; Carmona, Manuel Salvador


The outstanding Spanish engraver of the second half of the eighteenth century. Sent by state to study portrait and historical engraving in Paris with Nicolas Dupuis (q.v.) (1752), there elected to the Academy (1759). Returned to Madrid (1762) and elected Academician of Merit at the Academy of San Fernando (1764). Named 'Printmaker to the Privy Chamber' (Charles III, 1783).


J. Carrete Parrondo, 'El grabado a buril en la España ilustrada: Manuel Salvador Carmona', Madrid, 1989.