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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


Christie's (Biographical details)

Christie's (dealer/auction house; British)

Also known as

Christie's; Christie, Manson & Wood


London firm of auctioneers founded in the 18th century. Has traded at times under different names, such as Christie, Manson & Wood. The entry also covers Christie's, New York, Christie's, Paris, and Christie's, Hong Kong (details provided in the individual Catalogue records).